Job enrichment job rotation and job enlargement seemed promising but eventually disappointed managers seeking to counter the ill effects of extreme specialization. Job enrichment takes a different approach by adding additional motivators to a job to make it more rewarding it was developed by frederick herzberg on the basis of his studies indicating that the most effective way to motivate workers was by focusing on higher-order needs. Job enlargement, job enrichment, job rotation, and job simplification are the various techniques used in a job design exercise --- business dictionary com although job analysis, as just described, is important for an understanding of existing jobs, organizations also must plan for new jobs and periodically consider whether they should revise. Adding vertical depth to a job is called job enlargement in order to provide employees with job satisfaction, managers one of the first attempts to design. Job enrichment is the process of improving employee satisfaction by modifying their work, either by adding increasingly challenging tasks or simply adding new tasks.
Job rotation is a job design method which is able to enhance motivation, develop workers' outlook, increase productivity, improve the organization's performance on various levels by its multi-skilled workers, and provides new opportunities to improve the attitude, thought, capabilities and skills of workers. Job enrichment is the process of offering added value to employees through a variety of programs enrichment helps to relieve the feeling that a job is repetitive or offers no career path. While job enlargement is considered a horizontal restructuring method, job enrichment is a vertical restructuring method by virtue of giving the employee additional authority, autonomy, and control over the way the job is accomplished also called job enhancement or vertical job expansion. Job enlargement may have similar benefits to job rotation, because it may also involve teaching employees multiple tasks research indicates that when jobs are enlarged, employees view themselves as being capable of performing a broader set of tasks (parker, 1998.
Job rotation, job enlargement and job enrichment are simply attempts by managers to control individuals at work do you agree or disagree discuss. Definition: job enrichment is the addition to a job of tasks that increase the amount of employee control or responsibilityit is a vertical expansion of the job as opposed to the horizontal expansion of a job, which is called job enlargement. Job rotation attempts to make work more interesting and motivating by moving employees from one job to another true false 58 job enlargement attempts to enrich jobs by combining a series of tasks into one challenging and.
There are two types of job rotation: short-term rotation and long-term rotation the latter requires deeper learning, real job change, guidelines, contract changes, concurrent employments and more while short-term job rotation can provide all the benefits above. The most widely used career development interventions include, job enlargement, job enrichment and job rotation (olorunsula, 2000) job enlargement is an assigning workers additional same level activities, thus increasing the number of activities. Job enrichment on the other hand is a very motivational technique in the management world the act of enriching an employee's job not only is a sign of respect but it also shows that the employer actually cares about the employee as a person.
Job rotation is just like job enlargement by training and teaching the workers to do several different jobs by training your workers to do everyone's job you are enriching the workers job knowledge and benefitting the company. I-job enrichment job enrichment is an attempt to motivate employees by giving them the opportunity to use the range of their abilities it is an idea that was developed by the american psychologist frederick herzberg in the 1950s it can be contrasted to job enlargement which simply increases the. Job rotation is a method used for employee developmentjob rotation gives the employee the opportunity to develop skills in a variety of changing jobs in job rotation, employees will make lateral moves the majority of the time, but job rotation can also involve a promotion.
Scientific management and job specialization perhaps the earliest attempt to design jobs came during the era of scientific management scientific management is a philosophy based on the ideas of frederick taylor as presented in his 1911 book, principles of scientific management. A job rotation program can be understood as a proper and most effective tool for understanding employees it is used by most hrs as a strategy and is about settling all employees in the right place where they will be able to deliver the best results. The paper is an attempt to focus the employees become more productive if they are satisfied and happy in their jobs thus job enrichment and job enlargement. Job enrichment should not be confused with two other approaches to job redesign, job rotation and job enlargement job rotation involves switching people between a number of different jobs of relatively similar complexity.
Job enlargement and job enrichment it fundamentally endeavours to ease some of the difficulties come across in unnecessary job simplification job enlargement encompasses widening the scope of a job by increasing the number of different tasks to be accomplished. Job enrichment is a vertical enlargement of job duties, providing the employee with tasks and responsibilities normally done by a senior employee or supervisor, and usually comes with more freedom and control over the planning, execution, and evaluation of job tasks.
The number of tasks clearly indicates the job enlargement technique by management and human resource personnel in some business, one employee, in particular, must undertake more than a one tasks hence, the employee is responsibility for an array of duties either associated with the one department initiative. At the senior management levels, job rotation - frequently referred to as management rotation, is tightly linked with succession planning - developing a pool of people capable of stepping into an existing job. With job rotation, workers move from one specialized job to another job enlargement simply increases the number of different tasks within a particular job job enrichment increases the number of tasks in a job and gives workers authority and control over their work.